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生態與自然

 

亞喀巴是約旦唯一的入海口,後邊是紫色的富含磷酸鹽礦藏的山區。再之外就是瓦迪拉姆玫瑰色的沙漠。

 

在紅海清潔、水晶般透明的海水之下是一個獨特的海洋環境,潛水者可以在這裏探索約旦令人驚歎的水下野生物種。 色彩鮮豔的珊瑚,海綿和海扇容納著數以百萬計的珊瑚魚以及各種無脊椎動物。即使是世界上最大的魚,鯨鯊,也會來這些營養豐富的水域。這些無害的、溫和的龐然大物來取食這裏蓬勃發展的豐富的浮游生物。其他的這裏的物種還包括海龜,海豚和海象。





觀鳥


約旦是鳥類愛好者的一個極好的目的地,其各式各樣的棲息地,不管是崎嶇的山地、常綠的林地,還是繁茂的草原和幹熱的沙漠,都為很多本土的鳥類物種提供了完美的環境。此外,約旦位於歐洲、亞洲和非洲的十字路口,意味著三大洲的遷徙鳥類有時可以同時在約旦出現。

約旦國家公園中總共17個地點被宣佈為重要鳥類區域(IBAs)。約旦皇家自然保護協會的自然保護區也是重要鳥類區域。17個重要鳥類區域中,有5個是受法律嚴格保護的,5個是部分受保護的,另外有2個已經正式申請法律保護。
 

 

為了給子孫後代保護好精緻的水下生態系統,請遵守潛水教練提出的一些水下自然保護的規則。

 


 

目前正在做出很大的努力來保護紅海的海洋生物,特別是保護它們不受旅遊業的影響。一些廢棄船隻和軍用車輛已經被沉沒在海底,作為人工魚礁。這些沉船地點為珊瑚生長提供一個永久的地點,也為海洋生物提供一個安全的避難所,更不用說也為潛水遊客提供了一些令人興奮的目的地。亞喀巴海洋科學站展示著亞喀巴灣的海洋生物,以及一些正在採取的保護措施。


 

Aqaba Bird Observatory 

The green areas of Aqaba, particularly the relatively dense vegetation and open ponds at the waste water treatment plant, attract hundreds of thousands (possibly millions) of migratory birds every spring and autumn comprised of more than 350 different species. Migratory birds flying from Europe to Africa in autumn visit suitable habitats in the region to make final preparations for the long journey across the Sahara desert. In the spring, migrants tend to land at any suitable habitat in the region, Aqaba being the first station they encounter after a long journey over the deserts of North Africa. 

 


 

The Jordanian Society for Sustainable Development (JSSD) began the establishment of protected areas in Aqaba, in cooperation with the Aqaba Special Economic Zone Authority and the Aqaba Water Company. The Aqaba Bird Observatory is responsible for the monitoring and protection of the birds, and the JSSD set up a centre for visitors and a research centre at the Observatory.
 

A Visitors' Centre was constructed with an education room to implement the educational and awareness programs. The observatory has a research facility that will be used as a research centre.
 

Walking trails in the observatory will lead to the bird's hide, the major spot for watching birds. In addition, the observatory includes a nature garden that educates visitors about the native plants found in the Aqaba area and will support resident birds that depend on such habitats.